We have mentioned the following causes of vestibular disorders: viral or bacterial infections, Meniere’s disease, Benign Positional Vertigo (BPV), natural ageing, migraines, medications, head injury, tumours, and autoimmune diseases. Below is a more comprehensive list of the causes of some types of vestibular disorders.
Acoustic neuroma — a tumour growing on the vestibulo-cochlear nerve.
Autoimmune inner ear disease —a mal-functioning immune system attack cells in the ear.
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) — loose debris within part of the inner ear.
Cervicogenic dizziness — a syndrome of neck problems that include cervical trauma, cervical arthritis, and others.
Enlarged vestibular aqueduct — the function of the duct and endolymphatic sac are affected when the aqueduct is enlarged.
Labyrinthitis and vestibular neuritis — inflammations caused by viral infection can damage the hearing and vestibular function (labyrinthitis) or the vestibular function (vestibular neuritis).
Mal de débarquement (disembarkment syndrome) — sensation of persistent movement after travel.
Meniere’s disease — abnormalities in quantity, composition, or pressure of the endolymph (one of the fluids within the inner ear). It is a progressive condition.
Middle ear pressure changes — such as from colds or allergies, can result from swelling of the Eustachian tube or the presence of fluid in the middle ear.
Migraine associated vertigo (MAV) — head pain with dizziness, motion intolerance, spontaneous vertigo, sensitivity to light and sound, tinnitus, imbalance, and spatial disorientation.
Otitis media — bacterial infection of the middle ear and meningitis is a bacterial infection of the brain covering that may spread to the inner ear.
Otosclerosis —growth of bone of the middle ear preventing the middle and inner ear from working properly.
Ototoxicity — caused by exposure to some drugs or chemicals.
Perilymph fistula — a tear or defect in the oval or round window.
Superior semi-circular canal dehiscence — an opening in the bone overlying the uppermost semi-circular canal within the inner ear.
Secondary endolymphatic hydrops — abnormalities in quantity, composition, or pressure of the endolymph.
Vascular compression of the vestibular nerve — an irritation of the vestibular portion of the vestibulo-cochlear nerve by a blood vessel.